Obiano and the urbanization of Awka

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By Ejike Anyaduba —— UNTIL the Obiano administration in Anambra State, not much in terms of development and urbanization was seen in Awka, the state capital. 

Previous administrations paid little or no attention to structural deficit in the state capital. For a time the state of infrastructural decay in Awka looked certain of continuing unabated. The road to its attaining the status of a capital city became a Herculean task. 


Ejike Anyaduba

Awka was so barren of growth that it almost became a byword for stagnation and underdevelopment. State capitals created alongside it were developing while Awka stalled. Landmark projects were virtually non-existent. It was so bad that travelers – even passersby – claimed they passed Awka unnoticed. 

At a point journalists from Lagos who were in the State for official assignment expressed the same concern about the bleakness and lifelessness of the capital city. In almost one breath, they asked where the state capital is.

To rub it in, when they arrived Onitsha North council headquarters they declared it as more befitting of a State House. It took almost a rehash of the story of large scale destruction of government properties, including the State House sometime in 2003, to explain away the poor condition of Awka. As was expected, very few of them were taken in by the explanation; most demurred, dismissing the story as lacking in merit.   

The story of Awka was one told with a tinge of regret. Perhaps, a lot of people took for granted that the capital of Anambra must rank among the best in the country. 

Unfortunately, that was never the case as the famed blacksmith town tottered in progressive decline. 

Policy framework of the previous administrations appeared not to favour development of Awka just as some known factors also militated against it. Neither its prime location (Awka is located midway between Enugu and Onitsha) nor its rich history as an administrative centre for the defunct colonial administration in the east could advance its fortune. 

But more than that, private developers (at least Anambra has a surfeit of them) appeared unimpressed with the idea of pitching development in the town. 

Lack of physical infrastructure, insecurity of life and property as well as land racketeering contributed to deny Awka the attention of investors.  What is more, a good number of potential developers headed West and pitched tent in Asaba. The hope of developing the fledgeling capital has been dashed. 

However, nothing lasts forever. The problems are gradually easing off. The decisiveness of the Obiano government in handling the situation has ensured gradual, but steady development of what should be one of Nigeria’s foremost state capitals. 

It can be said with a measure of pride that no traveler can claim to pass Awka again without noticing it. A change has occurred that nestled Awka on a comfortable range among the best in Nigeria. 

But for the speed of transformation, many would have dismissed the Governor’s promise of transforming the state as a political talk. Truth is that he is yet to renege on the promise he made to the people of Anambra when inaugurating members of the board of Awka Capital Territory Development Authority (ACTDA) early in his administration. Among other things, he charged the board to draw up a capital city that would favorably compete with the best in the country.

So far, three state-of-the art bridges have been built in Awka to alleviate the severe traffic situation in the town and for aesthetics. The bridges were designed with floodlights that illuminate dark ends of Arroma junction and beyond. 

Elsewhere in the capital city, a 1,000 seater International Conference Centre is nearing completion as is the Awka International Stadium complex. Even with a surfeit of sports men and women the state has no standard stadium. 

A lot of interconnecting roads within the capital city like Esther Obiako, Ifite, Stamford, Ekwueme were reconstructed with beautiful kerbs, to give access to otherwise inaccessible areas and to take traffic off problem points. The  State House was also refurbished to reflect the authority it wields in the political administration of the state. New estates are also emerging either at the instance of the government or in partnership with private developers. 

The icing on the cake was lightening up the entire capital city through installation of street lights. This has returned night life, which died with years of violent crime in the state. 

Economic activities have since moved some notches higher with new areas like Club Road offering social and economic services all through the night. Arroma and Government House, two areas known for fruit markets, have also witnessed a burst of nocturnal activities. Greengrocers now defy time to stay up the night to ply their trade. 

It has been argued that but for the uncommon commitment of the Obiano government to change the face of Awka,  the capital city will still be without marked distinction. If the administration did not insulate itself from the disease of procrastination as seemed the tradition, Awka would still look like a glorified local council headquarters. 

 It did not just rouse itself from the infectious indifference, but it has worked its ass off to sustain the development effort on the double. 

By March 2022 when the government would have completed its two terms of eight years, Awka the blacksmith town hopes to develop to a certain level where no one, be they honest or biased, will dismiss the city as less of a state capital. 

Regardless, more effort should go into renewal of the city in order to move it to the level that befits the quality of human capital that composes the state.  With the interest shown in building up the city, it does not seem that subsequent administrations will treat the capital city with levity.

Awka has come to take its place and favorably compete with others noted for their excellence.

Even if everybody will not admit the effort of this government in changing the face of Awka, it will be churlish of any to attack that effort. 

Truth is that the administration has shown uncommon statecraft in attending to all aspects of the state economy under an excruciating economy. If progress were the reason behind the clamour for the creation of Anambra, it behooves everybody, including naysayers, to commend government effort evident in virtually every aspect of the economy. 

The Obiano government has demonstrated both in speech and in action that it is determined to leave the state better than it met it. It only needs support to finish strong.

Anyaduba, a commentator on national issues writes from Abatete, Anambra State.

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